Agriculture is most dominantly shaping the German environment, providing our basic food resources as well as the sources for bioenergy. This implies an intense societal exposure to the influences brought about by agricultural practices. Hence, a well functioning system of R&D is urgently required as prerequisite for constant and sustainable advancement of the sector. The study will present the structures and resources of the German agricultural research landscape including the most important sponsors, institutes, capacities and foci of agricultural R&D. A special focus will be laid on the field of animal production. It will be evaluated whether current research activities are suitable to provide solutions for contemporary questions and problems in the agricultural sector.
To meet the demands of the job market and to provide you with more opportunities to meet the demands of industry within the agricultural engineering sub-sector of agricultural production, you are offered herewith a teaching Manual that is explained using the student centered principle of teaching. This book is geared towards training you in performing daily checks on a tractor, servicing of an engine, servicing a tractor, maintenance of farm implements and the filling of maintenance forms. These competencies at the end of your study would equip you with skills that aimed at optimizing production whiles improving on the life span of agricultural machinery, with the mind of cost reduction, increase productivity and skills development. Skills acquired at the end would offer you a job profile of a maintenance engineer in the industry.This teaching manual is most useful to graduate of Teacher Education among others.
The Book is about History,Culture,Geography,Agriculture & Economic Potentials of Zamfara State of Nigeria. Farming is our Pride is the official Slogan indicates Clearly that it is an Agrarian State,with over 90% of the Population engaged in Farming.The State has been recognised as one of the Major Producer of the Major arable Crops grown in North Western Nigeria.The Author Examine & Assess deeply the role of Govt,NGOs & International Agencies in the Implementation of Various Agriculture & Rural Development Projects For improving the Livelihood of the People.The Enormous Agricultural Raw Materials Potentials in Zamfara State Provides abundant Future Investment Opportunities in Agro Allied Industries.The Analysis Presented in this Book Should enable all Stakeholders and Policy Makers to gain a Deep Insight into the Working of Agriculture & Rural Development Programmes in the State.
Mark Shepard explains how we can have all of the benefits of natural, perennial ecosystems and create agricultural systems that imitate nature in form and function while still providing for our food, building, fuel and many other needs.
Agriculture is one of the vital sectors in which ICT can be used reasonably in transferring the modern agricultural technologies to the farmers. Information and communication technology in agriculture includes internet, radio/community radio, television, wireless communication tools, cell phone, audio visuals, GIS,GPS and other technologies which direct the agricultural activities towards precision agriculture. Majority of population in the developing world live in rural areas and they have no or little access to the information. Bangladesh is no exception of that and the population who lives in rural areas have limited access to the information. ICT utilization in a developing country relies on various facets such as infrastructure, government policy, cultural factors, organizational and human resources. Hence, this study focuses on various factors to investigate the preparedness and barriers perceived by agricultural extension workers. Identifying these factors will help increase the knowledge of the extension personnel in using ICT for the agricultural sector. This, in turn, will have a positive impact on sustainable agricultural development and the economy of Bangladesh.
This book gives an overview of frameworks, methods, and case studies useful for the analysis of the relations between agriculture and the city, in Europe and the Mediterranean. Its originality lies in the analysis of urban food systems sustainability from an actors´ perspective. All the chapters consider the key role of actors in the definition of innovations and pathways, which enhance sustainability, seen as an ongoing process. Part 1 presents systemic approaches of agricultural-urban interactions at the city-region scale in France, Egypt, Italy and Morocco. Part 2 deals with methods and tools for urban planning and local development, utilized to design and assess sustainable food systems. The Part 3 inventories the recent changes in urban agriculture and the new forms of governance which are emerging in European cities (Athens, Berlin, Lisbon, Montpellier, Paris and Zurich). These results are useful for students, academics and activists involved in local policies and projects.
The book entitled Comparative analysis of agro-morphological parameter for grain yield in rice germplasm (O.oryza, L, O.oryza Steudel) from Africa and Asia is based on research experience conducted at the Indian Rice Research Institute ( formerly Directorate of Rice Research) from 2012~2014 while studying Genetics and Plant Breeding at the Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Hyderabad City, India. The book attempts to show some differences growth performance and grain yield between rice accessions from Africa and Asia, which could be explored and exploited for their novel factor for crops genetic enhancement. It shall be grateful were you to highlight some common mistakes and misprints to my attention which would be omitted in the subsequent production in the future. I am indebted to show gratitude to Drs. N.A.Ansari and S. J.Rahman of ANGRAU, Drs C. N.Neereja and T.Ram including colleagues of the CNN Team at the Indian Rice Research Institute. Let me thank my late mother Kpannah H. Diakaloe and family members who were very supportive and untiring action of assistance during this dedicated work in India.
Over the past century, new farming methods, feed additives, and social and economic structures have radically transformed agriculture around the globe, often at the expense of human health. In Chickenizing Farms and Food, Ellen K. Silbergeld reveals the unsafe world of chickenization - big agricultures top-down, contract-based factory farming system - and its negative consequences for workers, consumers, and the environment. Drawing on her deep knowledge of and experience in environmental engineering and toxicology, Silbergeld examines the complex history of the modern industrial food animal production industry and describes the widespread effects of Arthur Perdues remarkable agricultural innovations, which were so important that the US Department of Agriculture uses the term chickenization to cover the transformation of all farm animal production. Silbergeld tells the real story of how antibiotics were first introduced into animal feeds in the 1940s, which has led to the emergence of multi-drug-resistant pathogens, such as MRSA. Along the way, she talks with poultry growers, farmers, and slaughterhouse workers on the front lines of exposure, moving from the Chesapeake Bay peninsula that gave birth to the modern livestock and poultry industry to North Carolina, Brazil, and China. Arguing that the agricultural industry is in desperate need of reform, the book searches through the fog of illusion that obscures most of what has happened to agriculture in the twentieth century and untangles the history of how laws, regulations, and policies have stripped government agencies of the power to protect workers and consumers alike from occupational and food-borne hazards. Chickenizing Farms and Food also explores the limits of some popular alternatives to industrial farming, including organic production, nonmeat diets, locavorism, and small-scale agriculture. Silbergelds provocative but pragmatic call to action is tempered by real challenges: how can we ensure a safe and accessible food system that can feed everyone, including consumers in developing countries with new tastes for western diets, without hurting workers, sickening consumers, and undermining some of our most powerful medicines?
Agroforestry (AF) is a dynamic, ecologically based, natural resources management system that, by integrating trees on farms, ranches, and in other landscapes, diversifies and increases production and promotes social, economic, and environmental benefits for land users. Further, it is receiving increasing attention as a sustainable land-management option worldwide because of its ecological, economic, and social attributes. Advances have been achieved by building on past research accomplishments and expanding AF´s stakeholder base, which now includes private/public partnerships, communities, ecologists, farmers, indigenous peoples, and policymakers in both temperate and tropical countries. AF has now been recognized as a valuable problem-solving approach to ensuring food security and rebuilding resilient rural environments. Recent studies have shown that more than 1 billion hectares of agricultural land have more than 10% tree cover. Of this area, 160 million hectares have more than 50% tree cover. Agricultural ecosystems can be further improved through AF to achieve environmental restoration, greater farm productivity, and key ecological services, including climate change mitigation and adaptation for improved rural livelihood. In fact, it is largely considered synonymous with climate smart agriculture and a remedy for many modern environmental challenges. Consequently, AF´s knowledge base is being expanded at a rapid rate, as illustrated by the increasing number and quality of scientific publications on various forms and different aspects of AF. This book offers state-of-the-art information on the fundamental concepts and history of AF and its evolution as a science, presenting a wealth of advanced research results and evaluations relating to different aspects of AF. Accordingly, it will be useful for a broad readership, including students, foresters, farmers, local communities, indigenous peoples, civil society institutions, media, policymakers and the general public.
This book is a great scientific work in irrigation includes three partitions as follow: 1-Irrigation systems: It deals with the evolution of irrigation systems throughout history, as it provides a brief overview of traditional irrigation methods and their stages of development until they are examined in their current form. It explained the possibility of developing modern irrigation systems, and that it has the advantage that it has the flexibility to accept the development in it if it is needed and explains some applications such as fertilization through irrigation and also study economic costs. 2-Crop production: it explains the specific factors of the agricultural production process, the selection of the irrigation system and the factors influencing this selection and explains the importance of using irrigation systems to minimize the damage of climate change. 3- Modeling and simulation: explains with two types of simulation models, the first (Hydrocalc) American version and is used in the design of advanced irrigation systems in the field. The second simulation model (AquaCrop) is used in predictions of crop production under different conditions.