The Book is about History,Culture,Geography,Agriculture & Economic Potentials of Zamfara State of Nigeria. Farming is our Pride is the official Slogan indicates Clearly that it is an Agrarian State,with over 90% of the Population engaged in Farming.The State has been recognised as one of the Major Producer of the Major arable Crops grown in North Western Nigeria.The Author Examine & Assess deeply the role of Govt,NGOs & International Agencies in the Implementation of Various Agriculture & Rural Development Projects For improving the Livelihood of the People.The Enormous Agricultural Raw Materials Potentials in Zamfara State Provides abundant Future Investment Opportunities in Agro Allied Industries.The Analysis Presented in this Book Should enable all Stakeholders and Policy Makers to gain a Deep Insight into the Working of Agriculture & Rural Development Programmes in the State.
Probiotics are microorganisms that provide health benefits when consumed. The term probiotic is currently used to indicate the ingested microorganisms associated with beneficial effects to humans and animals. Probiotic drinks are typically dairy-based beverages with consistency similar to milk. They are consumed for digestive health. The addition of probiotics to whey will enhance the properties and benefits to several folds. Addition of orange juice gives it better sensory properties and mainly increases the shelf life of the drink or beverage.
This book is a great scientific work in irrigation includes three partitions as follow: 1-Irrigation systems: It deals with the evolution of irrigation systems throughout history, as it provides a brief overview of traditional irrigation methods and their stages of development until they are examined in their current form. It explained the possibility of developing modern irrigation systems, and that it has the advantage that it has the flexibility to accept the development in it if it is needed and explains some applications such as fertilization through irrigation and also study economic costs. 2-Crop production: it explains the specific factors of the agricultural production process, the selection of the irrigation system and the factors influencing this selection and explains the importance of using irrigation systems to minimize the damage of climate change. 3- Modeling and simulation: explains with two types of simulation models, the first (Hydrocalc) American version and is used in the design of advanced irrigation systems in the field. The second simulation model (AquaCrop) is used in predictions of crop production under different conditions.
Agroforestry systems (AFS) are becoming increasingly relevant worldwide as society has come to recognize their multiple roles and services: biodiversity conservation, carbon sequestration, adaptation and mitigation of climate change, restoration of degraded ecosystems, and tools for rural development. This book summarizes advances in agroforestry research and practice and raises questions as to the effectiveness of AFS to solve the development and environmental challenges the world presents us today. Currently AFS are considered to be a land use that can achieve a compromise among productive and environmental functions. Apparently, AFS can play a significant role in rural development even in the most challenging socioeconomic and ecological conditions, but still there is a lot of work to do to reach these goals. Considerable funding is spent in projects directed to enhancing productivity and sustainability of smallholders forestry and agroforestry practices. These projects and programs face many questions and challenges related to the integration of traditional knowledge to promote the most suitable systems for each situation; access to markets for AFS products, and scaling up of successful AFS. These complex questions need innovative approaches from varying perspectives and knowledge bases. This book gathers fresh and novel contributions from a set of Yale University researchers and associates who intend to provide alternative and sometimes departing insights into these pressing questions. The book focuses on the functions that AFS can provide when well designed and implemented: their role in rural development as they can improve food security and sovereignty and contribute to provision of energy needs to the smallholders; and their environmental functions: contribution to biodiversity conservation, to increased connectivity of fragmented landscapes, and adaptation and mitigation of climate change. The chapters present conceptual aspects and case studies ranging from traditional to more modern approaches, from tropical as well as from temperate regions of the world, with examples of the AFS functions mentioned above.
Satellite remote sensing data have the advantage of providing up-to-date and comprehensive information needed for systematic and scientific planning of watershed development activities. It provides spatial information on drainage, stream, tank, land-use/land cover, geology, soils and many other natural entites etc. Many studies have been carried out with the objective to delineate the watershed, to prepare thematic layers and to generate land and water resource action plan for their efficient management and use. Geographical Information System (GIS) with its capability of integration and analysis of spatial, aspatial, multi-layered information obtained in a wide variety of formats both from remote sensing and other conventional sources has proved to be an effective tool in planning for watershed development programmes.
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Although bananas have been planted for thousands of years, the development of an intercontinental trade in bananas had to wait for the convergence of three things: modern rapid shipping, refrigeration, and railroads. These three factors converged in the Caribbean in the 1870s, and would lead to the development of large scale banana plantations, usually owned and operated by highly integrated large corporations such as Dole and Chiquita Brands International.
More than half of Africans get their livelihood from agriculture, which is also the most important enterprise and key to their economic development. Paradoxically, tropical African countries including Ethiopia are among the world leaders in food insecurity. This is not only because of inadequate food production, but also losses of grain in the pre-harvest, harvest and post-harvest stages, of which, significant volumes are lost after harvest, aggravating hunger and resulting in expensive inputs being wasted. The major factors that contribute for such losses are insect pests. However, this crucial area has been neglected over the past decades than increment in production which had got more focus. Thus, such vital area has to get great attention by researchers, policy makers and any concerned bodies so as to address food insecurity problem of poor farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa including Ethiopia.
Middle East and North Africa Region (MENA) is one of the water scarcest regions on earth. There, lack of water resources is common, and water scarcity has become an increasing constraint to their economic development, particularly of the agriculture, which is the biggest water consumer. Many countries in this region have been exploiting their non-renewable fossil water resources in order to relieve the acute pressure of water stress, depleting their resource base, and undermining their long-term economic development and food security, with additional consequences for human health and the environment. Disputes over water lead to tension within communities, and unreliable water services are prompting people to migrate in search for better living conditions. Water investments absorb large amounts of public funds, which could often be used more efficiently elsewhere. These challenges appear likely to escalate. Besides the availability of water, the efficiency of usage, e.g. in the agriculture, the suitability of plants cultivated, the yield values, etc. plays also an important role in decision making processes. As the region´s population continues to grow, water availability per capita is set to fall by 50% by 2050, and most of the countries in the region are going to face with ´´absolute water scarcity´´. The expert workshop aimed at evaluating the options for coping with water scarcity through assessing the water demand and supply up to the year 2050, thereby considering issues like climate change, population growth, and economic development.
To meet the demands of the job market and to provide you with more opportunities to meet the demands of industry within the agricultural engineering sub-sector of agricultural production, you are offered herewith a teaching Manual that is explained using the student centered principle of teaching. This book is geared towards training you in performing daily checks on a tractor, servicing of an engine, servicing a tractor, maintenance of farm implements and the filling of maintenance forms. These competencies at the end of your study would equip you with skills that aimed at optimizing production whiles improving on the life span of agricultural machinery, with the mind of cost reduction, increase productivity and skills development. Skills acquired at the end would offer you a job profile of a maintenance engineer in the industry.This teaching manual is most useful to graduate of Teacher Education among others.
Agriculture is one of the vital sectors in which ICT can be used reasonably in transferring the modern agricultural technologies to the farmers. Information and communication technology in agriculture includes internet, radio/community radio, television, wireless communication tools, cell phone, audio visuals, GIS,GPS and other technologies which direct the agricultural activities towards precision agriculture. Majority of population in the developing world live in rural areas and they have no or little access to the information. Bangladesh is no exception of that and the population who lives in rural areas have limited access to the information. ICT utilization in a developing country relies on various facets such as infrastructure, government policy, cultural factors, organizational and human resources. Hence, this study focuses on various factors to investigate the preparedness and barriers perceived by agricultural extension workers. Identifying these factors will help increase the knowledge of the extension personnel in using ICT for the agricultural sector. This, in turn, will have a positive impact on sustainable agricultural development and the economy of Bangladesh.