This topic received considerable attention due to these wastes causes an environmental pollution. So,many researches have been done to evaluate the agro-industrial by-products and vegetable and fruit wastes as non-conventional feed-stuffs for ruminants. utilization of ruminant gastrointestinal tract capability of digesting cellulytic materials helps in using such cellulytic components as source of energy for it.
Moringa is one of the most popular vegetable crops of India and is being cultivated on a commercial scale in recent years. Insect pests are one of the major factors limiting the production of moringa. The crop is mainly damaged by defoliators, bud worms and sucking pests. This book consists of chapters on biology, life cycle, seasonal occurrence of various insect pests, integrated pest management strategies for moringa pests, biodiversity of insect pests and natural enemies in moringa ecosystem and effect of weather factors on entomofauna of moringa. The information provided in this book will be helpful in formulating better pest management strategies for effective management moringa pests and to improve the yield.